Degree in Computer Engineering

Study Computer Engineering at La Salle and become a professional with the abilities to work with the latest technologies and new products, designing, implementing and maintaining computer systems for any sector of economic activity

Basic Electronics

Description
This subject aims to give the student an introduction to electronic circuit analysis. Firstly, they see the basic foundations of electronics and the techniques necessary for the analysis of circuits in DC. After that, the basic electronic components (linear and non-linear resistors, capacitors and coils) are studied and the necessary knowledge is transmitted to perform the analysis of circuits in AC. Finally, other main electronic components are seen (diodes, transistors, ...) both ideal and real, linking these studies to updated documentation of different manufacturers. From a practical point of view, weekly practices are carried out in order to obtain the knowledge of the basic electronic instrumentation and to implement several circuits, which help the student to deepen in all those aspects that have been presented from the theoretical point of view and allow them to see their application.
Type Subject
Primer - Obligatoria
Semester
Annual
Course
1
Credits
12.00

Titular Professors

Vice Dean for students
Previous Knowledge

Elementary Electric Physics, Mathematics and Algebra.

Objectives

1 Develop the basic knowledge of the area of study.
2 Develop the capacity for analysing and synthesizing electronic assemblies.
3 Develop the capacity to search for information from differents manufacturers
4 Develop the capacity to plan a large amount of work.
5 Promote group work in order to distribute tasks and to mutually help each other if any problems appears.
6 Develop the capacity to use and interpret information from differents subjects.

Contents

1 Introduction to DC circuits
1.1 Basic concepts: historical perspective
1.2 Voltage, current and resistance. Ohm's Law.
1.3 Series and parallel circuits. Open-circuits and short-circuits.
1.4 Voltage sources and current sources.
1.5 Voltage and current dividers.
1.6 Basic analysis examples
2 Lineal circuit analysis´ theorems
2.1 Superposition's theorem.
2.2 Kirchhoff's Laws.
2.3 Thevenin's theorem and Norton's theorem.
2.4 Analysis examples.
3 Resistors
3.1 Resistor and resistance.
3.2 Technical characteristics of resistors. Manufacturing.
3.3 Types of lineal resistors.
3.4 Non-lineal Resistors: NTC, PTC, VDR, LDR.
3.5 Problem solving
4 Capacitors.
4.1 Capacitor and Capacitance.
4.2 Technical characteristics of Capacitors. Manufacturing.
4.3 Transient analysis with capacitors.
5 Inductors.
5.1 Inductors and self- induction coefficient.
5.2 Technical characteristics of Inductors. Manufacturing.
5.3 Transient analysis with inductors.
6 Introduction to Alternating Current.
6.1 Basic Concepts: signals and representations.
6.2 AC Signals´ characteristics.
6.3 Phasor diagrams. Concept of Impedance.
6.4 RLC Circuits. Basic circuits´ analysis and representation.
6.5 Power in AC.
6.6 Problem solving.
7 AC Circuits analysis.
7.1 Superposition.
7.2 Kirchhoff´s Laws.
7.3 Thevenin's theorem and Norton's theorem
7.4 Maximum power transfer.
7.5 Problem solving.
8 Dispositives in AC.
8.1 Resistor in AC. Equivalent model.
8.2 Capacitor in AC. Equivalent model.
8.3 Inductor in AC. Equivalent model.
8.4 Ideal transformer.
8.5 Problem solving.
9 Bipolar junction diode.
9.1 Ideal diode.
9.2 Introduction to semiconductors.
9.3 P-N junction in open-circuit and as a rectifier.
9.4 Voltage-current characteristic of the P-N junction.
9.5 Dynamic and static resistance.
9.6 Zener diode.
9.7 Photodiode.
9.8 LED diode. Datasheets.
9.9 Analysis of linear circuit with diodes.
9.10 Problem solving.
10 Bipolar junction transistor (BJT).
10.1 Introduction.
10.2 BJT current components.
10.3 BJT Configurations. Graphical characteristics.
10.4 Analysis of the BJT in Active, Cutoff and Saturation modes.
10.5 Digital circuits.
10.6 Problem solving.
11 BJT biasing.
11.1 Operating point (Q).
11.2 Dynamic and static load lines.
11.3 Distortion. Q to maximize the output voltage swing in the linear region.
11.4 Stabilized bias circuits.
12 Field-Effect-Transistor
12.1 Junction-FET.
12.2 Voltage-current characteristic (JFET).
12.3 JFET biasing.
12.4 MOSFET.
12.5 An introduction to digital circuits with MOSFET.
13 Operational Amplifier (OA)
13.1 Introduction
13.2 Virtual short-circuit. Comparer.
13.3 Linear Applications: examples.
13.4 Non-linear applications: examples.

Methodology

The subject has a weekly operation with four lecture sessions for the theory and three lecture sessions for laboratory practices:
• In theory sessions, a third of the time will be devoted to lectures and the rest of the time will be done individual, team and evaluation classes taking advantage of new learning methodologies and ICT technologies.
• The objective of the learning system is to update the subject, develop a good working method and therefore a continuous evaluation system will be followed which will also allow the teacher to follow and accompany the learning of the student the personalized as possible.

Practical laboratory sessions
The practical sessions are lectures that are part of the subject and that have a biweekly regularity lecture during the course development. The purpose of these is to support and promote the necessary and essential progressive learning in order to successfully complete both the practice of the subject and a large part of the contents of the subject.
The operation of the same is described below:
• The class group will attend a face-to-face session (3 hours) approximately every 2 week to receive explanations of a practice
• The statements of the practices will be facilitated with the corresponding model to present the report of each one.
• The presentation of the practice report will take place at the end of the third session and will be individual
• At the end of each semester a written test will be carried out to demonstrate that the results of the proposed learning have been achieved.
• During the assigned laboratory sessions, monitors will be available to solve the doubts and to monitor the work.
• There will be 2 semester examinations.
• If the result of the evaluation is not favorable, a final recovery exam will be presented in June and if it is not exceeded, there will be a last chance during July.

Evaluation

1) CONTINUOUS EVALUATION

Objective of the Continuous Evaluation

- The main goal is to help students to update the different subjects and achieve a good working method, so that it helps them to assimilate the matter imparted progressively and to obtain good academic results.
- It also allows us to assess the work the student does on a daily basis, without his note depending solely on the exams carried out during the semesters of the academic year.
- Facing the teacher, it helps to have more information about the work done by the students and a better knowledge of them, both academic and personal.

Continuous Evaluation System

- The continuous evaluation note will be determined taking into account some of the following concepts:
 Results of controls and / or small tests that are done in class, in the laboratory or through eStudy.
 Delivery of proposed exercises to do in class and / or in the laboratory.
 Delivery of exercises proposed to do at home.
 Attitude and participation in class or in the laboratory.
 Participation in eStudy forums and activities.
 Attendance at classes.

- The knowledge required in previous controls and exercises will be based on the explanations made in class or the laboratory and in the material provided to the students.

- The teacher will evaluate the student with a minimum frequency of two weeks.

- The mark will provide 70% of the knowledge reflected in the controls, exercises delivered, etc., and the remaining 30% according to the teacher's criteria (interest, attitude, dedication ...). It is always necessary to guarantee a minimum grade of 5 for students who meet the requirements for the delivery of all the exercises, jobs and controls requested by the teachers, and regular attendance at the classes.

- Two times per semester the continuous evaluation note will be published (half of the semester, to be used as an orientation and, finally, the final semester), consisting of a numerical score of 10.

- Attendance at classes is a fundamental element to be able to follow the continuous evaluation correctly.

2) GLOBAL EVALUATION

Global evaluation System

- The final grade of theory will be calculated from the two semester notes.
- The notes of the semesters will be calculated by weighting two notes: the exam mark (Note_Ex) and the continuous evaluation note (Note_AC) according to the following formula:

Note_Semester = 70% · Note_Ex + 30% · Note_AC

Only if grade Note_Ex is greater than or equal to 3.5.

- On the other hand, the exam grades will be calculated by weighting with the semester exam notes or Control Point (Ex_control_point) and the final exam of the semester (Ex_final) according to the following calculation:

Note_Ex = 70% · Ex_final + 30% · Ex_control_point

- The semesters will release contents from the exam until the extraordinary call, provided they have a minimum grade of Four (4).
- In June only the second half of the second semester will be evaluated.
- Students who do not pass the June ordinary session will have an extraordinary call (July), in which they can carry out the recovery examinations of the semesters that have not been previously released. At the extraordinary call, the final grade of each semester will be the best of those obtained with the following calculations:
a) 70% of the recovery exam and 30% of the continuous evaluation obtained in the corresponding semester (only if the mark of the recovery exam is greater than or equal to 3.5).
b) 100% of the recovery exam.

- The evaluation of the theoretical knowledge and the practical knowledge will be independent, it is not mandatory to pass one of the parts to present to the other one. Attendance to practical classes and the presentation during the course of these can be considered as information for the continuous assessment note.
- To approve the subject, the theory and practices will have to be approved independently.
- The calculation of the final mark of the subject will be done with 70% of the theory mark plus 30% of the practical note.

Evaluation Criteria

Learning Outcomes of this subject are:

General knowledge of physics in the electromagnetic and acoustic field.
Knowledge of the basic electronic components. Be able to analyze electronic circuits

Basic Bibliography

Col-lecció de Problemes, Enginyeria La Salle
Pràctiques de Tecnologia Electrònica, Enginyeria La Salle

Additional Material

-Millman & Halkias, Electronics. Foundations and applications, Hispanic European, 1993
-Boylestad & Nashelsky, Electronics. Theory of circuits, Prentice-Hall the International, 1997
-Millman & Grabel, Microelectronics, Hispanic European, 2000
-Malvino, discreet and integrated Principles of Electronics, McGraw-Hill, 1997
-Schilling & Relove, Electronic circuits, Publishing Marcombo Boixareu, 1985
-M.M. Cirovic, fundamental Electronics; devices, circuits and systems, 1985
-M.A. Castro, S.F. Garcia, P.M. Martínez, S. Martínez, R. Sebastián, F. Yeves, Problemas de Electrónica, Marcombo, 1991
-R. Álvarez Santos, Materiales y componentes electrónicos, Escuela de Ingeniería Técnica de Telecomunicación de Madrid, 1993
-Basic Analyses of Circuits in Engineering. Irwin. Ed. Limusa 2005