Description
On this course, the student learns a series of subjects which can be studied independently. However, in both theory and particularly in practice, these subjects are closely linked and cover a more global area of knowledge and understanding of building, technical and organisational projects. These subjects are: Measurements and budgets The planning of projects and building work. On-site visits and inspection to building sites. These three areas are brought together in a workshop style course, with the hope and aim of consolidating the professional “praxis”, with a strong focus on the practical part and using the same examples in the three areas. The measurement and budget work is carried out on real projects which are visited and inspected in class-time. In addition, practical exercises on planning are carried out on the same projects or work in progress. Thus, each area has a theory content and specific objective. These are listed below:
Type Subject
Tercer - Obligatoria
Semester
Annual
Course
3

Titular Professors

Previous Knowledge

Construction: The student must have a sound grasp of the basic knowledge of construction and the different technologies used in building so that s/he is able to define different types of building work, planning and methodology on a theoretical level, as well as the interfaces of other subjects.

Installations: The student must be able to recognise the different installation systems and their main processes and components in order to define their use.

Building equipment: The student must be familiar with the equipment and auxiliary methods used in building and their main uses.

Objectives

Objectives 1 and 2:
Sub area on measurements and budgets:

To give the student criteria, tools and methods to be able to, develop a budget in a practical and rigorous way, with no doubts or errors.
To understand the parameters which mark the value and price criteria. The construction industry is an atypical one, and the student must understand why.
To discover that the drafting of a budget is a way to realise the globality of the project with all its documents.
A continued form of practice on measurement work and the application of prices, with exercises throughout the course.
To learn about the reality of the construction work to which the prepared budgets have been applied and to study the budget deviations and errors
To learn the computing programmes on measurements, budgets, certificates and to carry out practical exercises on the computer.

Objectives 3 and 4:
Sub area of planning:
Through the contents of the course, we aim to provide the student with a global vision of all the areas and specialities which form part of construction planning including functions and organisations. It is necessary to develop the knowledge of the student and her/his capacity to understand the project as a result of many sub-projects or processes and to make the student aware of the need to use professional management systems in the projects which guarantee the quality of the work and give the users satisfied. Therefore, the evolution of the project, from its conception to its physical start-up, occupation, identification, phases and relationships are all addressed.

Special attention will be given to the “Role” of the Professional Managing, Director, Project Director or “Project Manager” and their introduction in the sector and the perspectives for architects and surveyors.

In the section of construction work planning, the student will be put in the different situations which s/he might find her/himself in a building organisation and s/he will see the different forms or focuses on the question “Planning and building management” can have according to the role.

A substantial part of the course is dedicated to the study and learning of planning techniques, highlighting the different levels of decomposition or the name of the activities according to the planning objective. By following the most commonly used different procedures; resources will be assessed and assigned through the activities and exercises done. Complete case studies forms part of the habitual programme.

Objectives 5 and 6:
Sub area on-site visits and inspections to building sites:
With the objective of providing the student with an integral training which enables her/him to have a more global vision of the profession, a series of monthly visits will be made to a building in different phases of construction.

The aim is to enable the student to comprehend all the theoretical knowledge expressed in graphic documentation or texts, constructed elements, integrated materials through a pluri-disciplinary approach which is, at the end of the day, architecture.

For this task, we select a number of building works which are of particular interest from the quality point of view, from his initial plan to the stage that the building work is at.

In order to make the most of the aforementioned, we explain the subjects which correspond to the different projects in great depth. Furthermore, we organise speeches by some of the participating industrialists.

The final result should be that the student becomes familiar with all the processes and understands that it is a global phenomenon where every decision taken has a repercussion in physical terms which has to be controlled and measured. The students must also understand architecture even if it is not built and similarly realise that no everything that is built is architecture.

Contents

Sub area measurements and budgets:
1.- General introduction.
2.- Study of the project. Documentation.
3.- The budget. The budget documentation.
4.- Measurements. Tools and methodology. Measurement criteria.
5.- Pre-costs. Pre-cost systems.
6.- Costs. Manual labour, materials and machinery. Performance.
7.- Direct, side and indirect costs.
8.- General costs of the company, contract costs, industrial profit, taxes and final cost.
9.- Comparison of costs. ABC analysis. Ways of adjusting.
10.- Invoice methods. Certificates, administration, hand-over of the keys.
11.- Contradictory prices. Additional and revised budget. Price revision.
12.- Provisional and definitive reception of the construction. Liquidation Administrative and legal bills
13.- “Planning” valued. Calendar of decisions. Sanctions for delay.

Sub area planning :
1.- General concepts on the global plan and planning.
2.- Analysis of the process of the project.
3.- The economic structure of a project.
4.- The establishment or company of management.
5.- Management tools and methodologies.
6.- Management objectives and development of the project in the pre and preliminary phases.
7.- Management objectives and development of the project in the design phase.
8.- Management objectives and development of the project in the Litigation and contractual phase.
9.- Management objectives and development of the project in the construction phase.
10.- Planning of the building work: relation with construction knowledge.
11 - Planning of the work programme and the graphic techniques.
12.- Programming of the building work in each of the specific sections of construction.
13.- Programming of building work and typologies.
14.- Follow-up and realisation of building plans.
15.- Case studies. Study and development.

Sub area on site visits and inspections:

There will be two types of session on the course:

• Some of a theoretical nature in the School with speeches from different people involved in the process of the construction of a building.

• Some of an on-site visit to a building in different phases of realisation. There will be various groups for the visits (no more than 7 in a group is better). We have to be aware of the safety regulations and be careful attention to the site inspector’s instructions.

Methodology

In both the measurement and budget areas, it is necessary for the student to complete some initial theory sessions to learn the theoretical criteria in order to be able to start the practical work on the specific projects previously selected.

Whenever possible, the aforementioned projects will be building sites in construction which can be visited in the site and inspection timetables. In these visits, students will carry out the measurements and total or partial planning of the building with the guidance of the tutor.

In each of those visits, each of the students will have a notebook to record the visits, making a critical analysis, both theoretical and practical, through written work, sketches, and photographs. This will enable the monitoring of the work by the teacher, in order to control the development of the knowledge of different subjects and check whether the level is satisfactory or not, in order to take full advantage of the student’s capacities.

A monthly system of collective sessions will be organised to expose and contrast the individual experiences of the different visits. This must also be a forum which is open to suggestions and proposals to change what is being considered. This enriches the general knowledge of the subject and helps the student to see how the theoretical decisions have a physical repercussion in the development of the building.

Evaluation

The total mark for the WORKSHOP subject is: Planning (35%), Measurements (35%) and Study of building work (30%).
The main formula of evaluation is a combination of:

A.- Exams.
D.- Group reports.
G.- Computer assignments.

If the student receives a mark of 3 or less in any of the term exams of the 3 subjects, s/he cannot average the marks and the each mark will be kept on file until the September exam session.

Evaluation Criteria

Objective 1: The student has to show her/his ability to draw up the measurements in detail and with the utmost precision. [A, D].

Objective 2: The student has to show her/his ability to draw up budgets in detail and with the utmost precision. [A, D].

Objective 3: The student has to show her/his basic knowledge of definition and planning of the most important phases and actions in the global development of a project. [A]

Objective 4: The student has to show her/his ability to identify the most appropriate activities for the drawing-up of a building plan which allows it’s control. [A, D].

Objective 5: The student has to show her/his ability to calculate the duration and to define the relationships between the activities, while identifying a critical form of the building and its variables. [A, D, G].

Objective 6: The student has to show her/his ability to define the order and system of the building work of materials and the most commonly used different technologies used in construction, as well as the capacity to identify errors and to control the work. [D, M].

Basic Bibliography

“Confección de estudios económicos de obras”. CEDESCO, COAT.
F. Álvarez Martinez. “Presupuestos”. Ediciones CEAC.
Rafael de Heredia. “Dirección integrada de Proyecto”. Alianza Universidad Textos.
Alvaro García Meseguer. “Garantía de calidad en Construcción”. Agrupación Nacional de Constructores de Obras. Servicio de Publicaciones. ANACOP. Madrid.

Additional Material

“Diccionari visual de la construcció” Dep. Polit. Ter. I O.P. Gen. Catalunya
F. Alvarez Martinez. “Presupuestos”. Ediciones CEAC.
A. Ramirez. “Presupuestación de obras”. Ediciones Universidad de Sevilla.
Clasificación sistemática. N.T.E.
“Índice de disposiciones relacionadas con la edificación M.O.P.U”.
“Manual de contratos del estado M.O.P.U”.
Faustino Merchàn. “Manual para la dirección de obras”. Editorial CIE.
“Pliego de Condiciones Técnicas Generales”. Ayuntamiento de Madrid.
“Prontuario de estructuras metálicas”. CEDEX Mº. De Fomento
Ley 13/1995 de 18 de mayo, de Contratos de las Administraciones Públicas.
Ley 35/1999 de 5 de noviembre, de Ordenación de la Edificación.
Precostos. Manuales de Arquitectura nº9 i nº15. Col. d’arquitectes de C. i B.
Faustino Merchàn. “El contrato de obra”. X. CISS. PRAXIS.
F. Martínes Mas. “Formularios de contratos”. CISS. PRAXIS.
Teresa San Segundo Manuel. “La recepción en el contrato de obras”. CISS.
“Revistes: Boletin Económico de la Construcción”. EME DOS. Costes + datos.
Cándido Preciado Barrera. “Oficina Técnica. Teoría y Tecnología del Proyecto”. Manuales UNEX nº 16. Universidad de Extremadura.
Dennis LockParaninnfo. “Gestión de Proyectos”. Colección Éxito.
David Burstein; Frank Stasiowski. “Project Management”. Gustavo Gili S.A. Barcelona.
Andrés Senlle; Joan Vilar. “ISO 9000 En Empresas de Servicios”. Ediciones Gestión 2.000. Barcelona.
Peter F. Drucker. “Harper & Row Management: Tasks, responsabilities, practices”. 1.974.
José Luis Ordoñez Badiola. “Planificación de Obras”. CEAC de Construcción. Barcelona.
Manuel Sánchez. “Organización y métodos funcionales de la Moderna empresa Constructora”. Editores Técnicos Asociados. Barcelona.
Juan Alburqerque García. “Confección de Estudios Económicos de obras”. Col•legi oficial d’Aparelladors de Barcelona.
D.I. Cleland y W.R. King. “Systems Anallysis and Project Management”. Ed. Mc. Graw Hill 1.975.