Degree in Technical Architecture and Building Engineering La Salle Campus Barcelona URL

Degree in Technical Architecture and Building Engineering

The Degree in Technical Architecture and Building is temporarily paused for new students

Introduction to structures

1. Subject´s facts 1.1.Code: AR011 1.2. Kind of subject: Obligatory 1.3. Duration: half-yearly 1.4. ECTS Credits: 9 1.5. Responsible professor: Carles Campanyà i Castelltort 1.7. Language: Catalan - Spanish - English
Type Subject
Tercer - Obligatoria

Titular Professors

Previous Knowledge

2. Pre-requirements: Mathematics and Physics


3. Competences that will be developed with this subject:

Instrumental competences:

IS3. Students must be able to acquire general knowledge of the studied area.

IS4. Students must be able to acquire basic knowledge of their profession.

IS10. Students must be able to make decisions.

Interpersonal competences:

IT2. To be able to work in team.

IT4. To be able to work in a multidisciplinary team.

Systematical competences:

CS1. Capacity to apply knowledge into practice.

Specific competences:

A28 - Technical analysis of projects.

B20 - Mathematical calculation.

B23 - General mechanical engineering knowledge.

4. Subject´s learning objectives:

The principal objective of the structure courses of La Salle´s Architecture School is that students acquire the perfect knowledge about the structural behavior of the architectural works and about the dimensioning and calculus of the resistant and combined basic elements. The course´s orientation is meant to achieve these objectives, but above all, it emphasizes in the intellectual and creative effort, in the structure´s project aspects, in its relation with the whole work and in the structure´s numeric resolution.
To sum up, at the end of these studies, we pretend that students, besides being capable to calculate, are able to project with criteria structures understood as part of the project and not as an independent part. Above all, students should be able to carry out structure typological plans for their architectonical projects.


5. The subject´s contents are organized in the following units:

Introduction to structure design
Structural typology
Static structural analysis
Accuracy in calculus
Calculation methods
Modeling and design processes
The relations between strength, materials and tensions
Determination of strength
General plans and diagrams
Calculus of tensions and deformations
Structural elements working with traction and compression
Jourawski formula
Flexions: pure, simple, compound, symmetric and dissymmetric
Tension and deformations
Combined tensions, Circle of Mohr
Deformations by flexion
Statically indeterminate cases
Analysis and development of polygons and funicular structures


6. Teaching-learning methodological approach to accomplish the objectives:

In order to achieve these objectives, we suggest to start the works from the beginning of the course, simultaneously in three different fields:
o Structural typology and formal concepts.
o Calculus mathematical tools.
o Structural behavior and mechanical characteristics of different structural materials.
Since this subject should be mostly practical, there will be almost the same number of theoretical classes than of practical classes which will be developed on smaller groups in order to facilitate the student´s learning and evolution.
This methodology intends to awaken the student´s interest to study this subject and to permit them know by intuition, almost immediately, which may be the result of their effort, minimizing as possible, the toughness of the essential theoretical knowledge that are necessary for the good comprehension and distribution of the calculus processes.


Dedication to the subject = 9 credits x 26 hours/credit = 234 total hours
Half-yearly dedication = 19 weeks (17 class-hours + 2 exam hours)
Weekly dedication = 234 hours/20 weeks = 12,3 hours per week
Concept Total hours
On-campus classes 96
Practical classes 32

Supervised work 47
Not-supervised work 42

Total of dedication hours without exam hours 217

Horus to prepare exams 16
Exams hours 4

Total half-yearly dedication 234


7. Evaluation of the achievement-level of the objectives:

Theoretical classes are complemented with practical exercises that include problems of direct application to do works at home. The course is completed with works carried out in small groups about important and singular buildings where the structure set up interesting aspects.
Some sessions, classes and conferences are taught monthly using audiovisual media and projections of images of the most outstanding architectonic structures, ancient and contemporary.
Exams. They represent the 70% of the grade.
Home works. They are the 10% of the grade.
Reports and group work. They are the 10% of the grade.
Participation in class. They are the 10% of the grade.

Evaluation Criteria
Basic Bibliography

8. Basic information sources. Bibliography:

Brufau, R.; Batlle, M. Estructuras I. (vol. 1, 2, 3). Apuntes ETS. Arquitectura del Vallès.
Corbou. Resistencia de materiales. Editorial Aguilar.
López Almansa, F.; Urbano, J. Introducció a les estructures. Edicions UPC.
Navés, F.; Llorenç, M. Càlcul d´estructures. Edicions UPC.
Rodríguez Avial. Resistencia de materiales.
Salvadori, M.; Heller, R. Estructuras para arquitectos. Editorial CP67.
Stiopin. Resistencia de materiales. Editorial Mir.
Timoshenko, Y. Resistencia de materiales. Editorial Espasa Calpe.
Timoshenko, Y. Elementos resistencia de materiales. Editorial Montaner.
Torroja, E. Razón de ser de los tipos estructurales. Instituto Eduardo Torroja de la Construcción y del Cemento.

Additional Material

AITIM; Argüelles, R.; Arriaga, F. Estructuras de madera. Diseño y cálculo.
AITIM; Argüelles, R.; Arriaga, F. La estructura metálica hoy. Librería Técnica Bellisco.
Calavera, J. Cálculo y estructuras de Cimentación. INTEMAC.
Calavera, J. Muros de contención y muros de sótano. INTEMAC.
Jiménez, P.; García, A.; Morán, F. Hormigón armado. Gustavo Gili.
Martínez, J.; Ortiz, J. Construcción Mixta. Hormigón-Acero. Rueda.
Prontuario Ensidesa.
Shueller, W. The Vertical Building Structure.